Anne Frank, a German-born Jewish girl, left an indelible mark on history through her poignant diary, offering a unique glimpse into life during the harrowing days of Nazi persecution. On June 12, 1929, Frankfurt, Germany, witnessed the birth of a notable individual. Anne’s family sought refuge in Amsterdam in 1934, driven by the ominous rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
Trapped in Amsterdam by the German occupation in May 1940, Anne’s life took a drastic turn. As anti-Jewish persecutions escalated in July 1942, the Frank family sought sanctuary behind a concealed bookcase in the building where Anne’s father, Otto Frank, worked. In this hidden enclave, Anne diligently chronicled her experiences in a diary she received as a birthday gift.
The Gestapo’s arrest of the Frank family on August 4, 1944, marked a tragic turning point. Transported to concentration camps, Anne and her sister, Margot, found themselves in Bergen-Belsen after being transferred from Auschwitz on November 1, 1944. The exact circumstances of their deaths, likely due to typhus, remain shrouded in the uncertainty of historical estimation.
The only surviving member of the family, Otto Frank, came back to Amsterdam post-war to discover that Anne’s diary had been preserved by his female secretaries, Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl. Honoring Anne’s fervent desire to become a writer, Otto published her diary in 1947. Originally written in Dutch as “Het Achterhuis,” the diary achieved global recognition when translated into English as “The Diary of a Young Girl” in 1952, captivating readers worldwide with its intimate portrayal of life in hiding during World War II. Today, Anne Frank’s enduring legacy lives on, transcending languages and generations.
Anne Frank Early Life
Anne Frank, originally named Annelies or Anneliese Marie Frank, entered the world on June 12, 1929, at the Maingau Red Cross Clinic in Frankfurt, Germany. Her parents, Edith (née Holländer) and Otto Heinrich Frank, instilled in her an upbringing within a liberal Jewish household that did not strictly adhere to all the customs and traditions of Judaism. Anne had an elder sister named Margot, and the Frank family was part of an assimilated community, comprising both Jewish and non-Jewish citizens with diverse religious backgrounds.
Edith and Otto were nurturing parents, fostering intellectual curiosity in their children and maintaining an extensive library. The family initially resided in Frankfurt-Dornbusch, moving to a fashionable area known as the Dichterviertel (Poets’ Quarter) in 1931. Their homes at Marbachweg 307 and later Ganghoferstrasse 24 became integral parts of their journey.
In 1933, responding to the ominous rise of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party, Edith Frank and the children sought refuge with Edith’s mother Rosa in Aachen. Meanwhile, Otto Frank, drawn by an opportunity to start a business in Amsterdam, relocated to the Netherlands to pave the way for his family. He worked at the Opekta Works, a company specializing in selling fruit extract pectin. The family reunited in Amsterdam in February 1934, where they found a residence on Merwedeplein in the Rivierenbuurt neighborhood.
The Franks, like many other Jewish-German refugees, fled Germany amid the growing threat, becoming part of the 300,000 Jews who sought safety between 1933 and 1939. In Amsterdam, Anne and Margot attended school, with Margot excelling in public school, and Anne finding her place at the 6th Montessori School despite initial language barriers.
In 1938, Otto Frank established Pectacon, a second company focused on wholesaling herbs, pickling salts, and mixed spices. This venture marked the start of a collaboration with Hermann van Pels, a Jewish butcher who had fled Osnabrück with his family. Edith Frank’s mother joined the household in 1939, remaining with the family until her passing in January 1942.
The onset of World War II brought a dark chapter as Germany invaded the Netherlands in May 1940. The occupation government swiftly implemented discriminatory laws against Jews, leading to mandatory registration and segregation. Otto Frank attempted to secure visas for the family to emigrate to the United States, but the destruction of the U.S. consulate in Rotterdam during a German bombing in May 1940 thwarted their plans.
Following summer holidays in 1941, Anne faced the harsh reality of being barred from the Montessori School, as Jewish children were compelled to attend Jewish schools. She and Margot transitioned to the Jewish Lyceum, an exclusive secondary school for Jewish students in Amsterdam that opened in September 1941.
The Young Diarist
In her introspective writings, Anne Frank delved into the intricate dynamics of her familial relationships, offering a nuanced exploration of the distinct personalities within her household. Her emotional connection with her father stood out prominently, with Otto Frank later reflecting, “I had a closer relationship with Anne compared to Margot, who seemed more connected to her mother. This might be attributed to the fact that Margot seldom expressed her emotions and required less support, given her relatively stable mood compared to Anne.”
Anne’s bond with her sister Margot underwent a transformation during their time in hiding, evolving into a deeper and more profound connection. Nevertheless, Anne, in moments of vulnerability, occasionally grappled with feelings of jealousy towards Margot. This sentiment was exacerbated when external criticisms, stemming from comparisons between the sisters, portrayed Anne as lacking Margot’s gentle and serene nature.
As Anne navigated the complexities of adolescence, the sisters forged a stronger alliance, allowing them to confide in each other. In a poignant entry dated January 12, 1944, Anne reflected on the evolving nature of her relationship with Margot, noting, “Margot has become much more pleasant. She’s less judgmental now and is evolving into a genuine friend. She no longer perceives me as a little insignificant child.” This transformation highlighted the maturation of their sisterly bond, emphasizing the depth and authenticity that developed over time.Anne Frank candidly reflected on the complexities of her relationship with her mother in her writings. On November 7, 1942, she expressed profound feelings of “contempt” towards her mother, highlighting her frustration with what she perceived as carelessness, sarcasm, and hard-heartedness. Anne grappled with an inability to confront her mother and concluded, “She’s not a mother to me.” However, upon revisiting her diary, Anne felt a sense of shame at her harsh attitude, questioning herself with, “Anne, is it really you who mentioned hate, oh Anne, how could you?” This self-reflection led her to recognize that misunderstandings between them were a two-way street, acknowledging her role in adding to her mother’s suffering. This realization prompted Anne to approach her mother with increased tolerance and respect.
Despite the challenges within her family, the Frank sisters, including Anne and Margot, held onto the hope of returning to school. While in hiding, they continued their studies, with Margot excelling in a correspondence course on ‘Elementary Latin’ under Bep Voskuijl’s name. Anne, on the other hand, devoted most of her time to reading, studying, and maintaining her diary. As she matured and gained confidence in her writing, Anne explored more abstract subjects in her diary, delving into her beliefs, dreams, and ambitions—topics she felt unable to discuss openly with others.
Anne’s passion for writing and her aspirations came to the forefront in an entry dated April 5, 1944. She revealed her realization that education was crucial to combat ignorance and achieve her dream of becoming a journalist. Anne contemplated the possibility of not only writing for herself but also aspiring to make a lasting impact on the world. She expressed a desire to be useful and bring joy to people, even those she had never met. Writing became Anne’s refuge, a means to shake off her cares, revive her spirits, and fulfill her longing for a purpose beyond the conventional roles assigned to women at the time.
In a moment of deep introspection, Anne acknowledged the gift she believed God had given her the ability to write and express herself. She questioned her potential for greatness, pondering whether she could indeed become a journalist or a writer. This profound excerpt from her diary reflects Anne’s unwavering determination to transcend the confines of her circumstances and leave a lasting legacy through her words.
Anne Frank Death
Anne Frank’s tragic fate unfolded at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she succumbed to an unknown cause in February or March of 1945. While the specific circumstances of her death remain elusive, there is compelling evidence to suggest that she fell victim to a typhus epidemic that ravaged the camp, claiming the lives of 17,000 prisoners.
Gena Turgel, a survivor of Bergen-Belsen who was acquainted with Anne at the camp, recounted the dire conditions. In an interview with The Sun in 2015, she vividly described Anne’s state, mentioning, “Her bed was around the corner from me. She was delirious, terrible, burning up.” Turgel, who worked in the camp hospital, highlighted the devastating toll of the epidemic, where hundreds of inmates were succumbing to the merciless disease.
Margot, Anne’s sister, also faced a tragic end. Witnesses later testified that Margot fell from her bunk in her weakened state and died from the shock. Anne followed her sister in death a day later. The precise dates of their passing were not recorded initially, leading to the belief that they died a few weeks before the British troops liberated the camp on April 15, 1945. However, subsequent research in 2015 suggested that their deaths might have occurred as early as February.
Various pieces of evidence, including witness accounts and health authorities’ reports, pointed to the likelihood that the Franks displayed symptoms of typhus by early February. Typhus, left untreated, typically resulted in death within 12 days of the onset of symptoms. The grim reality of the camp is further emphasized by the recollections of Hanneli Goslar, who mentioned her father’s death in late February, shortly after their last meeting.
Post-war estimates revealed the devastating impact of the Holocaust on the Dutch Jewish population. Of the 107,000 Jews deported from the Netherlands between 1942 and 1944, only 5,000 were believed to have survived. Approximately 30,000 Jews remained in the Netherlands, with a significant number aided by the Dutch underground two thirds of this group managed to survive the war.
Otto Frank, the lone survivor of the Frank family, endured internment in Auschwitz. After the war, he returned to Amsterdam in June 1945, seeking refuge with Jan and Miep Gies. Despite the heartbreaking loss of his wife, Edith, Otto initially held onto hope that his daughters had survived. The devastating truth unfolded weeks later when he learned of Margot and Anne’s deaths. Otto tirelessly sought information about the fate of his daughters’ friends, discovering that many had perished. While some of the Frank sisters’ school friends survived, the extended families of Otto and Edith Frank, who had fled Germany in the mid-1930s, found refuge in Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Anne Frank Net Worth And Income
Anne Frank stands out as one of Germany’s most affluent non-fiction authors. Our comprehensive analysis, drawing from reputable sources such as Wikipedia, Forbes, and Business Insider, indicates that Anne Frank’s net worth is estimated to be around $5 million.
Anne Frank Age
Anne Frank, born around February or March 1945, tragically passed away at the age of 16 in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Nazi Germany. She is renowned as a diarist and was of Dutch origin. Her life and writings continue to serve as a poignant reminder of the harrowing experiences endured during that dark period of history.