Marilyn Monroe biography

Marilyn Monroe biography

Marilyn Monroe, originally known as Norma Jeane Mortenson and later adopting the name Norma Jeane Baker (with variations like Jean), was an iconic American An actress who was born in Los Angeles, California, on June 1, 1926. Her life story is a fascinating journey of resilience and determination that ultimately led her to become a timeless symbol of beauty and sensuality in popular culture.

Norma Jeane’s early life was marked by hardship, as her mother’s struggles with mental health led to her being raised by a series of 12 different foster parents and spending some time in an orphanage. In 1942, she entered into a marriage with a fellow worker from an aircraft factory, but this union dissolved shortly after the conclusion of World War II.

Norma Jeane’s transformation into Marilyn Monroe began when she garnered attention as a sought-after model for photographers. In 1946, she entered into a brief contractual agreement with. Twentieth Century-Fox, and it was then that she adopted the stage name Marilyn Monroe. Her journey into the world of cinema commenced with brief appearances in films produced by both Fox and Columbia studios, but she initially faced challenges and periods of unemployment.

A pivotal moment came when one of her nude photographs featured in a calendar, catapulting her into the spotlight. This newfound exposure led to her first film role in “Scudda-Hoo! Scudda-Hay!” in 1948, followed by subsequent minor roles. Marilyn Monroe’s rise to stardom was a testament to her undeniable allure and charisma, making her an enduring icon in the history of Hollywood and pop culture. Tragically, her life was cut short when she passed away on August 5, 1962, in Los Angeles, leaving behind a legacy that continues to captivate and inspire audiences worldwide.In 1950, Marilyn Monroe made a small yet impactful, uncredited appearance in “The Asphalt Jungle,” which immediately garnered her a deluge of fan mail. Subsequently, her role in “All About Eve” in the same year not only earned her another contract with Fox but also brought her significant recognition in the industry.

Over the next few years, through a string of films such as “Let’s Make It Legal” (1951), “Love Nest” (1951), “Clash by Night” (1952), and “Niagara” (1953), Monroe ascended to star billing, riding on the studio-crafted image of a “love goddess.” Her fame continued to surge with captivating performances in “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes” (1953), “How to Marry a Millionaire” (1953), and “There’s No Business Like Show Business” (1954), endearing her to a global audience and elevating her to a level of popular adulation seldom seen before.

In 1954, she made headlines by marrying baseball legend Joe DiMaggio, attracting monumental publicity. However, their union was short-lived, and its dissolution left Monroe increasingly dissatisfied with her career.

During this period, Monroe honed her craft by studying under the tutelage of Lee Strasberg at the Actors’ Studio in New York City. Her talents blossomed as she displayed her comedic prowess in films like “The Seven Year Itch” (1955) and “Bus Stop” (1956).

In 1956, she entered into a marriage with renowned playwright Arthur Miller, briefly stepping away from the silver screen. Nonetheless, she returned to film with “The Prince and the Showgirl” (1957), where she co-starred with Laurence Olivier. Her serious acting abilities earned critical acclaim for the first time with “Some Like It Hot” (1959).

Unfortunately, her final film, “The Misfits” (1961), penned by Miller expressly for Monroe, coincided with the disintegration of their marriage. They divorced in 1961, marking the end of a tumultuous but undeniably captivating chapter in the life of Marilyn Monroe.In 1962, Marilyn Monroe embarked on the filming of the comedy “Something’s Got to Give.” Unfortunately, her frequent absences from the set due to illnesses raised concerns. In May, she made a notable trip toNew York City, where she gained fame for her iconic rendition of “Happy Birthday” to. President John F. Kennedy, sparking rumors of an alleged affair between the two. In June, Monroe was dismissed from the film, although she was later rehired. Regrettably, work on the movie never resumed.

Following several months of seclusion, Marilyn Monroe tragically passed away in her Los Angeles home, the result of a fatal overdose of sleeping pills, specifically barbiturates. Her death was officially ruled as a “probable suicide,” a conclusion supported by her history of drug use and prior suicide attempts. Nevertheless, there were persistent speculations suggesting she may have been killed due to her threats of revealing her relationships with the Kennedy brothers, with some rumors even implicating them in connections to organized crime. While evidence to substantiate these claims was lacking, conspiracy theories continued to circulate.

During her career, Marilyn Monroe’s 23 films, in their initial releases, collectively grossed over $200 million, catapulting her to unparalleled fame, surpassing that of any other entertainer of her era. Her early image as a seemingly naive and seductive blonde gradually transformed into the portrayal of a tragic figure, a sensitive and insecure woman unable to escape the relentless pressures of Hollywood. Her vulnerability and sensuality, combined with her untimely death, eventually elevated her to the status of an enduring American cultural icon.

Early Life

Marilyn Monroe, originally named Norma Jeane Mortenson at her birth (later baptized as Norma Jeane Baker), came into the world on June 1, 1926, in Los Angeles, California. Her early life was marked by adversity, as During her formative years, she devoted a substantial part of her childhood to. foster care and in an orphanage.

In 1937, a pivotal turning point arrived when A family acquaintance, Grace and Doc Goddard, along with their spouse, assumed the responsibility of caring for young Monroe for a few years. Monroe’s mother compensated the Goddards with a weekly payment of $25 to raise her.

The Goddards, deeply devout and adhering to fundamentalist doctrines, imposed strict rules on young Norma Jeane, which included the prohibition of attending movies. However, circumstances changed when Doc’s job necessitated a move to the East Coast, rendering them unable to financially support bringing Monroe along with them.

Career

Marilyn Monroe harbored dreams of becoming an actress, inspired by the likes of Jean Harlow and Lana Turner. When her husband, Jimmy Dougherty, was deployed to the South Pacific during World War II, she found employment at a munitions factory in Van Nuys, California. It was during her time there that her life took an unexpected turn when Her initial discovery was attributed to a photographer.

By the time Dougherty returned in 1946, Monroe had already carved out a successful career as a model. It was in this year that she signed her inaugural movie contract, marking a significant step in her journey to stardom. With the contract came a transformative shift in her identity and appearance; she adopted the name “Marilyn Monroe” and embraced a striking blonde hair color, signaling the beginning of her iconic image transformation.In the early stages of her career, Marilyn Monroe wasn’t initially seen as star material in the acting world. Her true breakthrough as an actress would come a few years later. However, with her distinctively breathy voice and captivating hourglass figure, she would eventually evolve into one of Hollywood’s most renowned and beloved actresses. Monroe’s undeniable talent was demonstrated through the numerous awards and accolades she received, along with her ability to draw vast audiences to her films.

Despite her meteoric rise to stardom, Monroe grappled with chronic insecurities concerning her acting abilities. She was plagued by pre-performance anxiety that at times made her physically ill, and this anxiety often contributed to her infamous habit of arriving late on film sets. Her chronic tardiness, to an extreme degree, frequently frustrated her co-stars and film crew. Nonetheless, her remarkable on-screen presence and charisma would ultimately secure her place as a much-admired international star.Renowned director Billy Wilder once quipped, “She would be the greatest if she ran like a watch,” referring to Marilyn Monroe. He humorously questioned who would pay to see a punctual Aunt Minnie, highlighting the challenges Monroe faced due to her punctuality issues.

Throughout her career, Monroe’s professional journey was marked by a series of contracts with film studios, often characterized by signings and releases, reflecting the dynamic nature of her Hollywood tenure.

In the mid-1950s, Monroe’s desire to break free from the stereotypical bubbly, “dumb blonde” roles led her to make a significant move. She relocated to New York City to study acting under the guidance of Lee Strasberg at the Actors’ Studio, seeking to refine her craft and expand her acting horizons.

However, as the early 1960s dawned, Monroe’s life appeared to be mired in a tumultuous mix of professional and personal challenges, including tumultuous relationships. Her final two films, “Let’s Make Love” (1960) and “The Misfits” (1961), disappointed at the box office, marking a difficult period in her career.

net worth and income

Marilyn Monroe was a celebrated American actress, model, and singer whose financial legacy was marked by both success and extravagance. At the time of her tragic death in 1962, she had a net worth of $800,000. When adjusted for inflation, this would be approximately equivalent to $7 million in today’s dollars.

During her career, Monroe earned nearly $3 million in film salaries, which, after adjusting for inflation, would be roughly equivalent to $24 million before taxes. Despite her substantial earnings, she was not known for her financial prudence. Monroe had a penchant for lavish spending, not only on herself but also on strangers, relatives, and employees. Her extravagance extended to the purchase of luxurious jewelry, clothing, and other items.

Marilyn Monroe’s iconic filmography includes over 30 acting credits, featuring notable films such as “How to Marry a Millionaire” (1953), “There’s No Business Like Show Business” (1954), “The Seven Year Itch” (1955), “Bus Stop” (1956), “The Prince and the Showgirl” (1957), and “Some Like It Hot” (1959). Her status as a blonde bombshell and her captivating performances continue to leave an indelible mark on the world of entertainment and popular culture.In the mid-1950s, Marilyn Monroe took a significant step in her career by establishing her own production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions, in collaboration with the photographer Milton Greene. This marked her venture into the realm of film production, and she even served as an executive producer on the film “The Prince and the Showgirl,” showcasing her growing influence and creative control in the industry.

Marilyn Monroe’s enduring influence and legacy in the realm of cinema and American culture were undeniably substantial. She achieved the rank of #6 on the American Film Institute’s list of the 50 greatest female American screen legends, a testament to her enduring impact on the film industry.

Furthermore, her significance extended beyond the world of entertainment, as she was honored with a place of distinction on the Smithsonian Institution’s list of the “100 Most Significant Americans of All Time.” This recognition firmly established her as an iconic and influential figure in American history, underlining her enduring status as a symbol of beauty, sensuality, and cultural significance.

Tragically, Marilyn Monroe’s life was cut short in August 1962, when she passed away at the age of just 36, succumbing to a barbiturate overdose. While her death was officially ruled as a probable suicide, lingering suspicions and questions surrounding the circumstances of her untimely passing have given rise to enduring conspiracy theories suggesting that she may have been the victim of foul play. Her enigmatic life and the mystery surrounding her death have contributed to the enduring fascination and intrigue surrounding her legacy.

Education

Marilyn Monroe’s journey to becoming an iconic actress included several significant educational and training experiences:

 

Van Nuys High School: This is where Marilyn attended high school, although she dropped out at the age of 15.

3-month modeling course: Before venturing into acting, Marilyn Monroe took a modeling course, which helped launch her career as a model and played a crucial role in her early success.

Dramatic coach Natasha Lytess: Marilyn Monroe received guidance and coaching from Natasha Lytess, a dramatic coach who helped refine her acting skills.

Actors Lab, Los Angeles: Marilyn studied at the Actors Lab in Los Angeles, which provided her with a foundation in acting and furthered her professional development.

Actors Studio, New York: In the mid-1950s, Monroe pursued advanced acting training at the prestigious Actors Studio in New York City, where she studied under the renowned acting teacher Lee Strasberg, aiming to enhance her skills and expand her range as an actress. This marked a significant period in her acting education and transformation as an artist.

Death

Marilyn Monroe’s life came to a tragic end on August 5, 1962, when she passed away in her Los Angeles home at the young age of 36. Her lifeless body was found with an empty bottle of sleeping pills near her bed.

While there has been ongoing speculation and conspiracy theories over the years, suggesting the possibility of foul play or murder, the official cause of her death was ruled as a drug overdose. Specifically, it was determined to be the result of a barbiturate overdose, and her passing was officially classified as a probable suicide. Despite the enduring mysteries and controversies surrounding her death, the official conclusion has remained unchanged in the eyes of the law.Marilyn Monroe’s final resting place was marked by a few notable details:

Burial in her favorite Emilio Pucci dress: Monroe was laid to rest in the Emilio Pucci dress she adored, reflecting her personal style and taste.

A “Cadillac casket”: Her final resting place was a high-end casket known as the “Cadillac casket.” This casket was the most luxurious option available, crafted from heavy-gauge solid bronze and lined with champagne-colored silk, symbolizing her status and iconic presence.

Eulogy by Lee Strasberg: At her funeral, Lee Strasberg, her acting coach and mentor from the Actors Studio, delivered a eulogy to honor her memory. The service was attended by a small gathering of close friends and family.

Crypt next to Hugh Hefner: Hugh Hefner, the founder of Playboy magazine, purchased the crypt located directly next to Marilyn Monroe’s final resting place, a testament to her enduring allure and the impact she had on popular culture.

Despite her fame, it’s interesting to note that Marilyn Monroe did not own a house until the final year of her life, and she had relatively few possessions. One cherished item among her possessions was an autographed photo of Albert Einstein, which bore an inscription: “To Marilyn, with respect and love and thanks.” This precious memento reflected the appreciation and affection she garnered from a diverse range of admirers during her lifetime.

QUICK FACTS

Name: Marilyn Monroe

Birth Year: 1926

Birth Date: June 1, 1926

Birth State: California

Birth City: Los Angeles

Birth Country: United States

Gender: Female

Best Known For: Actress Marilyn Monroe overcame a difficult childhood to become one of the world’s biggest and most enduring sex symbols. She died of a drug overdose in 1962 at the age of 36.

Industries: Comedy, Musical

Astrological Sign: Gemini

Death Year: 1962

Death Date: August 5, 1962

Death State: California

Death City: Los Angeles

Death Country: United States

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